What is Angina?
Angina occurs when the heart muscle does not receive adequate oxygen-rich blood, often due to narrowed or blocked arteries to the heart. Angina typically causes pain, tightness, or discomfort in the shoulders/shoulder blades, arms, chest, neck, jaw, or back. Shortness of breath, fatigue, nausea, or indigestion are also symptoms patients may experience as a variant of their angina, and can vary in severity for each individual person.
How is Angina Diagnosed?
Your physician will determine whether your symptoms follow a stable, regular pattern due to the heart being overworked or an unstable, unexpected chest pain that increases in severity and also frequency. The latter may suggest a possible heart attack. The following tests may be included in diagnosing angina:
What is the Treatment for Angina?
Treatment for coronary artery disease is multi-faceted including risk factor modification such as controlling blood pressure, blood sugar, blood cholesterol with a diet and exercise and sometimes with medicine. In cases of significant coronary blockage, stents and/or cardiac bypass may be indicated in conjunction with risk factor management described above.